Download The Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Amdya by Jared Greenblatt PDF

By Jared Greenblatt

This paintings is a linguistic description of an obsolescent dialect of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect used to be initially spoken via Jews living within the village of Amәdya (a.k.a Amadiya) in modern day northern Iraq. No local audio system of this dialect stay in situ. They, besides the opposite Jewish groups of the Kurdish quarter, had all left by way of 1951. the bulk went to Israel, the place their numbers have faded. The dialect has now not been handed directly to the subsequent new release, whose local tongue is smooth Israeli Hebrew. There stay yet a handful of powerfuble local audio system, whose speech has frequently been corrupted to various levels via publicity to Hebrew and different closely-related Neo-Aramaic dialects.

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The Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Amdya

This paintings is a linguistic description of an obsolescent dialect of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect used to be initially spoken by means of Jews living within the village of Amәdya (a. ok. a Amadiya) in modern day northern Iraq. No local audio system of this dialect stay in situ. They, in addition to the opposite Jewish groups of the Kurdish area, had all left by way of 1951.

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The manifest difficulties associated with ascertaining an unequivocal etymology of each and every lexeme aside, such a classification would not give an accurate description of the synchronic state of ANA, which is after all the primary aim of this study. It is surely far more logical to divide the nouns of the dialect into two synchronically significant categories, viz. nouns that follow (or have been adapted to follow) ANA morphological patterns for nouns and those that do not (or have not). g.

38 /j/ This phoneme is usually realised as an aspirated voiced palato-alveolar affricate [ʤʰ]. For example: jămad ['ʤʰamad] ‘ice’ ʿajabuṯa [ˁaʤʰa'bu:θa] ‘wonder, amazement’ guj [gu:ʤʰ] ‘load, burden’ It may be palatalised or labialised when followed by a /y/ or /w/. 3 Vocalic Phonemes and Diphthongs Front Close Close-mid Central Back i u e o ә Open-mid Open a 24 chapter one There are two phonemic diphthongs in ANA: /ay/ and /aw/. /ay/ occurs primarily in loanwords. ’ + -ile ¤ ṭamayle (~ ṭamáʾile) /aw/ occurs in some words of native stock.

For example: roʾel ['ɾo:ʔel ~ 'ro:ʔel] ‘three years ago’ para ['pʰa:ɾa] ‘coin’ băṯәr ['baθәɾ] ‘after’ phonetics and phonology 21 When geminated, it is pronounced as a strong alveolar trill [r]. 31 /ṛ/ This phoneme is usually realised as a pharyngealised retroflex approximant [ɻˁ], and sometimes as a pharyngealised alveolar tap [ɾ]. For example: ṛumana [ɻˁu'ma:na] ‘tall, high’ ʿabṛaṛe [ʕab'ɻˁa:ɻˁe] ‘rafts, ferrys’ qăṛaṛ ['qaɻˁaɻˁ] ‘choice, decision’ When geminated, it is realised as a pharyngealised alveolar, strongly trilled [rˁ].

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