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By Roy W. Tess and Gary W. Poehlein (Eds.)

Content material: A century of polymer technology and expertise / Herman F. Mark -- advent to polymer technology and know-how / Charles E. Carraher, Jr. and Raymond B. Seymour -- Anionic polymerization / Maurice Morton -- Coordinated anionic polymerization and polymerization mechanisms / Frederick J. Karol -- fresh advancements in cationic polymerization / Virgil Percec -- Emulsion polymerization / Gary W. Poehlein -- New advancements and developments in free-radical polymerization / George E. Ham -- Condensation polymerization and polymerization mechanisms / I.K. Miller and J. Zimmerman -- Block polymers and similar fabrics / N.R. Legge, S. Davison, H.E. De l. a. Mare, G. Holden, and M.K. Martin -- Multicomponent polymer platforms / Norbert Platzer -- Structure-property relationships in polymers / Turner Alfrey, Jr. -- shipping houses of polymers / D.R. Paul -- Fracture mechanics of polymers / K.L. Devries and R.J. Nuismer -- Flammability of polymers / Y.P. Khanna and E.M. Pearce -- The plastic : economics and end-use markets / R.A. Mccarthy -- Polyolefins / Frank M. Mcmillan -- Polystyrene and styrene copolymers / William David Watson and Ted C. Wallace -- Poly(vinyl chloride) / Roy T. Gottesman and Donald Goodman -- Fiber-forming polymers / Michael J. Drews, Robert H. Barker, and John D. Hatcher -- Foamed plastics / Rudolph D. Deanin -- Engineering thermoplastics : chemistry and know-how / Daniel W. Fox and Edward N. Peters -- Polymers and the know-how of electric insulation / J.H. Lupinski -- clinical purposes of polymers / Charles G. Gebelein -- Resins for aerospace / Clayton A. may well -- Polymer processing / Nick R. Schott and Robert Malloy -- Plasticizers / J.K. Sears, N.W. Touchette, and J.R. Darby -- Theories of solvency and answer / P.E. Rider -- Solvents / Roy W. Tess -- Spectroscopic tools in examine and research of coatings and plastics / Clara D. Craver -- Electron microscopy in coatings and plastics examine / L.H. Princen -- Rheology of film-forming beverages / Raymond R. Myers and Carl J. Knauss -- An creation to corrosion regulate via natural coatings / R.A. Dickie -- tools of program of coatings / Emery P. Miller -- Electrodeposition of paint / George E.F. Brewer -- Curing equipment for coatings / Vincent D. Mcginnis and Gerald W. Gruber -- The coatings : economics and end-use markets / Joseph W. Prane -- equipment coatings / Thomas J. Miranda -- Polymer coatings for optical fibers / L.L. Blyler, Jr. and C.J. Aloisio -- Epoxy resins / R.S. Bauer -- Chemistry and know-how of polyamide resins from dimerized fatty acids / Michael A. Laudise -- Urethane coatings / Kurt C. Frisch and Panos Kordomenos -- Chemistry and know-how of acrylic resins for coatings / W.H. Brendley and R.D. Bakule -- Cellulose acetate and similar esters / Larry G. Curtis and James D. Crowley -- Nitrocellulose, ethylcellulose, and water-soluble cellulose ethers / Rufus F. Wint and Kathryn G. Shaw -- Amino resins / L.L. Williams, I.H. Updegraff, and J.C. Petropoulos -- Resins and ingredients containing silicon / Shelby F. Thames -- Chemistry and know-how of phenolic resins and coatings / J.S. Fry, C.N. Merriam, and W.H. Boyd -- Tall oil and naval shops / Yun Jen and E.E. Mcsweeney -- Chemistry and know-how of alkyd and saturated reactive polyester resins / H.J. Lanson -- Vinyl resins utilized in coatings / Russell A. Park -- Bituminous coatings / Stephen H. Alexander -- Opaque white pigments in coatings / Fred B. Stieg -- colour pigments / Lawrence R. Lerner and Max Saltzman -- Paint manufacture / Louie F. Sanguinetti

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The e l a s t i c component i s dominant i n s o l i d s , hence t h e i r mechanical properties may be described by Hooke's law (Equation 37) which s t a t e s t h a t the a p p l i e d s t r e s s (S) i s p r o p o r t i o n a l to the r e s u l t a n t s t r a i n (y) but i s independent of the r a t e of t h i s s t r a i n (dy/dt). S = Ey (37) Stress i s equal to the force per unit area, and s t r a i n or elongation i s the extension per unit length. For an i s o t r o p i c s o l i d , that i s , one having the same properties independent of d i r e c t i o n , the s t r a i n i s defined by P o i s s o n ' s r a t i o , V = Y i / y , which i s the percentage change i n l o n g i t u d i n a l s t r a i n , y\, per percentage change i n l a t e r a l strain, y .

E l a s t i c modulus changes are recorded by m o n i t o r i n g a probe displacement. In TBA the changes i n t e n s i l e strength as the polymer undergoes thermal t r a n s i t i o n i s measured as a f u n c t i o n of temperature and sometimes a l s o as a function of the applied frequency of v i b r a t i o n of the sample. As thermal t r a n s i t i o n s are measured, i r r e v e r s i b l e changes such as thermal decomposition of c r o s s - l i n k i n g are observed, i f p r e s e n t .

The l i n e a r polyethylene chains are n o n p o l a r , and the c r y s t a l l i z a t i o n tendency i s mainly based on the f l e x i b i l i t y of the chains to achieve a regular, t i g h t l y packed conformation that takes advantage of the s p e c i a l r e s t r i c t i o n s inherent i n dispersion forces. M o n o s u b s t i t u t e d v i n y l monomers can produce polymers w i t h d i f f e r e n t c o n f i g u r a t i o n s — t w o r e g u l a r s t r u c t u r e s ( i s o t a c t i c and s y n d i o t a c t i c ) and a random ( a t a c t i c ) form.

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