Download Agricultural Trade Reform And the Doha Development Agenda by Will Martin; Kym Anderson PDF

By Will Martin; Kym Anderson

Agricultural alternate reform is necessary to a positive improvement consequence from the Doha improvement time table. yet agricultural guidelines and the coverage reforms being reflected are fiendishly advanced, and the satan is within the information. Agricultural alternate Reform and the Doha improvement time table builds up from the basic aspect of the price lists and different defense measures, and makes use of this data to supply an research of the big-picture implications of proposed reforms. offering the main entire and recent research of the diversity of agricultural matters less than negotiation within the multilateral alternate negotiations underway on the planet alternate association (WTO), this identify is a worthwhile source to policymakers, agricultural deepest region, and teachers in constructing and assessing the negotiating suggestions.

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Additional info for Agricultural Trade Reform And the Doha Development Agenda (World Bank Trade and Development Series)

Sample text

Getting rid of the tariff binding overhang that resulted from the “dirty tariffication” of the Uruguay Round should be the first priority, but more than that is needed if market access is to expand. If a choice has to be made, reducing MFN bound tariffs in general would be preferable to raising tariff rate quotas, because the latter help only those lucky enough to obtain quotas and crowd out nonquota holders. ) Exemptions for even just a few sensitive and special products would be undesirable because they would greatly reduce the gains from reform and would tend to divert resources into, instead of away from, enterprises in which countries have their least comparative advantage.

In terms of farm policy, a key finding is that large cuts in both agricultural tariffs and domestic support commitments are required to reduce the binding overhang and contribute to expansion of market access and trade. The authors also find that adding nonagricultural market access is vital to ensuring that a balanced package is obtained. The benefits of even a very aggressive tariffcutting formula for agriculture would be greatly diminished, however, by an agreement allowing a small percentage of tariff lines to be given lenient treatment on the grounds of their sensitive or special product status.

In scenario 1 there are three tiers for developed economies and four for developing countries, following Harbinson (WTO 2003) but each tier is 10 percentage points higher. Scenario 5 is the same as scenario 4 except that it allows an exemption from the tariff cuts for sensitive and special products. Scenario 6 is the same as scenario 5 but also includes a 200 percent cap on tariffs. Scenario 7 is the same as scenario 1 except it also expands market access for nonagricultural goods, cutting tariffs by 50 percent for developed economies, 33 percent for developing economies, and zero in least developed economies.

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