Download A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics by Nora C. England PDF
By Nora C. England
This can be the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken at the present time by means of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the kingdom of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken via 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam based on complementary ideas: to research Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to offer fabric in any such method that the heritage info invaluable for knowing each one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. hence, England's research of the sound method and morphophonemic techniques of Mam is by way of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in reading a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative procedure. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and as a result it truly is uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.
Read or Download A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series) PDF
Best foreign language dictionaries & thesauruses books
This quantity comprises articles by means of 17 slavists from the Low international locations. even if they're all approximately Slavic linguistics, they disguise quite a lot of matters and their theoretical implications are usually no longer limited to slavistics by myself. such a lot contributions take care of Russian or Slavic usually, yet South and West Slavic also are represented.
Alexander and Nicholas Humez have shaped an easy-going and pleasant advent to the language that's the wellspring of the mummy tongue. Their short historical past of Classical and Vulgar Latin, clarification of the language's grammatical and sound platforms, translation routines, synopsis of grammar, and glossaries of Latin-English and English-Latin will increase our realizing of each element of literature and the realm of principles.
This paintings is a linguistic description of an obsolescent dialect of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect was once initially spoken via Jews living within the village of Amәdya (a. ok. a Amadiya) in modern day northern Iraq. No local audio system of this dialect stay in situ. They, in addition to the opposite Jewish groups of the Kurdish quarter, had all left by way of 1951.
- Lughatuna al-Fusha: A New Course in Modern Standard Arabic - Book Three
- Verb Classification in Australian Languages
- A Grammar of Koyra Chiini: The Songhay of Timbuktu (Mouton Grammar Library, 19)
- Who is What and What is Who: the Morphosyntax of Arabic WH
Additional info for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series)
NASAL ALTERNATION Although words can end form ~ ~ whereby all poon reappears. ~ a number of words change a base If a suffix is added to these This may reflect an earlier rule became n finally. l plus 1 is reduced to vowel (which is dropped). 'give salt to cattle' 'rich' tq'ina~iil 1, 'arrive there' + -al taan- 'sleep' + -al 'richness' even over an intervening These have been called Set A and Set B by Mayan lin guists. Set A cross-references the agent of a transitive cross-references the patient of transitive verbs or the sub ject of intransitive verbs and is the absolutive set of perso I will use the terms 'agent', 'patient', and 'sub ject' throughout to refer to the three different arguments of verbs (see chapter 7 for a more thorough discussion of this terminology), 'potential' 'potential' a verb.
Most roots are clearly transitive or not on the basis of whether they can be inflected immediately as transitive verbs; roots exist in Mam. tzuy- very few bivalent Example: by a 1. Marginal forms are indicated The analysis of the verb is: ma (recent past) + abso1utives + ok (directional) + ergatives + an- (stem, 'hit') + enclitic. ,. ,. ,. ,. ,. ,. ,. 3p are not distinct and are therefore ambiguous because there is no way to differentiate the patient when the agent requires 1utive prefixes, cross-reference their agents with ergative an enclitic, unless the third person is indicated in a noun markers, and use the transitive forms of the suffixes of 2 mOde • The agent can be omitted entirely to express an phrase.
8 ~- 'my white thorn tree' Relational Noun: Common Noun: t-witz 'on' witz-b 'aj 'face' t'xee1 'instead of' xee1-b'aj 'replacement' t-xoo1 'between' xoo1-b 'aj 'interval' jaq'-b'aj 'cushion' t-tx1aj Complex Nouns Another class of compounds is formed from two noun roots where the first is possessed by the second. Location: Again the phrase 'beside' t-iib'(aj) t-jaq' 'over' 'below' refers to a'sing1e 1exeme, but if it can be possessed, it is t-xe 'under' only the second root which receives the possessive affixes.