Download A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics by Nora C. England PDF

By Nora C. England

This can be the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken at the present time by means of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the kingdom of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken via 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam based on complementary ideas: to research Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to offer fabric in any such method that the heritage info invaluable for knowing each one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. hence, England's research of the sound method and morphophonemic techniques of Mam is by way of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in reading a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative procedure. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and as a result it truly is uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.

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NASAL ALTERNATION Although words can end form ~ ~ whereby all poon reappears. ~ a number of words change a base If a suffix is added to these This may reflect an earlier rule became n finally. l plus 1 is reduced to vowel (which is dropped). 'give salt to cattle' 'rich' tq'ina~iil 1, 'arrive there' + -al taan- 'sleep' + -al 'richness' even over an intervening These have been called Set A and Set B by Mayan lin­ guists. Set A cross-references the agent of a transitive cross-references the patient of transitive verbs or the sub­ ject of intransitive verbs and is the absolutive set of perso I will use the terms 'agent', 'patient', and 'sub­ ject' throughout to refer to the three different arguments of verbs (see chapter 7 for a more thorough discussion of this terminology), 'potential' 'potential' a verb.

Most roots are clearly transitive or not on the basis of whether they can be inflected immediately as transitive verbs; roots exist in Mam. tzuy- very few bivalent Example: by a 1. Marginal forms are indicated The analysis of the verb is: ma (recent past) + abso1utives + ok (directional) + ergatives + an- (stem, 'hit') + enclitic. ,. ,. ,. ,. ,. ,. ,. 3p are not distinct and are therefore ambiguous because there is no way to differentiate the patient when the agent requires 1utive prefixes, cross-reference their agents with ergative an enclitic, unless the third person is indicated in a noun markers, and use the transitive forms of the suffixes of 2 mOde • The agent can be omitted entirely to express an phrase.

8 ~- 'my white thorn tree' Relational Noun: Common Noun: t-witz 'on' witz-b 'aj 'face' t'xee1 'instead of' xee1-b'aj 'replacement' t-xoo1 'between' xoo1-b 'aj 'interval' jaq'-b'aj 'cushion' t-tx1aj Complex Nouns Another class of compounds is formed from two noun roots where the first is possessed by the second. Location: Again the phrase 'beside' t-iib'(aj) t-jaq' 'over' 'below' refers to a'sing1e 1exeme, but if it can be possessed, it is t-xe 'under' only the second root which receives the possessive affixes.

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